Nov 21, 2000 · In the last decade, a number of quantitative epidemiological studies of specific diseases have been done in developing countries that for the first time allow estimation of the total burden of disease (mortality and morbidity) attributable to use of solid fuels in adult women and young children, who jointly receive the highest exposures because of their household roles.Cited by: 485. More than 1.6 million deaths and over 38.5 million of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) were attributable to indoor smoke from solid fuels in 2000 (5, 10, 32). Cooking with solid fuels is considered to be responsible for about 2.6% of the global burden of disease (3.6% in developing countries).Cited by: 22.
disease (mortality and morbidity) attributable to use of solid fuels in adult women and young children, who jointly receive the highest exposures because of their household roles. Few such studies are available as yet for adult men or children over 5 years. This paper evaluates the Cited by: 485. Dec 01, 2014 · Such fuels emit substantial amounts of ambient air pollution, while also being a risk in the household environment. Globally, more households use solid fuels for cooking today than at any time in human history, even as the fraction of the total population using solid fuels continues to slowly fall (Bonjour et al. 2013).Cited by: 215.
May 08, 2018 · Approximately 17% of premature lung cancer deaths in adults are attributable to exposure to carcinogens from household air pollution caused by cooking with kerosene or solid fuels like wood, charcoal or coal. The risk for women is higher, due to their . Population attributable fractions (PAFs) for mortality and burden of high adult very high adult very low adult low adult high adult low adult high adult of solid fuels Lead exposure 512/488 460/433 68/49 907/789 140/125 238/187 606/504 Global climate change 321/305 631/636 1/2 .
Estimating the burden of disease attributable to indoor air pollution from household use of solid fuels in South Africa in 2000 were exposed to indoor smoke from solid fuels, with marked. Solid fuel refers to various forms of solid material that can be burnt to release energy, providing heat and light through the process of combustion.Solid fuels can be contrasted with liquid fuels and gaseous fuels.Common examples of solid fuels include wood, charcoal, peat, coal, Hexamine fuel tablets, wood pellets, corn, wheat, rye, and other grains.